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19 Sep - "Archaeological Perspective of the Ancient Societies of Fars and the Persian Gulf between the 3rd Century BC and the 2nd Century AD (the Interregnum)" Lecture by Alireza Askari Chaverdi, Shiraz University, Iran

The visit of Alireza Askari Chaverdi is organised in collaboration with Pierfrancesco Callieri from the Department of Cultural Heritage.

Sep 19, 2019 from 04:00 PM to 06:00 PM

Where Department of Cultural Heritage - Via degli Ariani 1 - Ravenna - Conference Hall

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Fars is perceived as an ideological cradle for the two major ancient Iranian powers, the Achaemenian and the Sassanian empires. The period spanning the fall of the former and rise of the latter empire can still be considered a “dark age”. However, in light of the fresh archaeological findings coming from the northern, central and southern quarters of Fars Province and also the northern and southern littoral of the Persian Gulf, one can puzzle out the archaeological perspective of the concerned ancient societies.

In order to gain an insight into the economic and social trends that characterized Fars and the Persian Gulf in the period in question, we will explore the ways in which the regional sustainable resources were managed and exploited. Thus, the lecture will deal with ascertaining such potentials as the trade network linking the Persian Gulf region to northern Fars Province; to what extend and in which ways the trade system was used and how it functioned and extended from the Persian Gulf to the inner parts of Fars Province; water and soil resources and the nature of their exploitation in the expansion of agriculture systems in the littoral hinterlands as determinant factors in the partial political autonomy of these regions from the 3rd century BC through the 2nd century AD and the subsequent institution of the legitimate, trans-regional power—the Sasanian Empire.




Iranian director of the Iranian-Italian Joint Archaeological Mission since 2005, is at present Associate Professor at the Department of History and Archaeology, Shiraz University, and has been until 2018 Vice-Chancellor of the newly created Shiraz University of Arts.

He has carried out several excavations in the province of Fars, focussing on the Pre-Islamic Historic periods, from the Achaemenid to the Sasanian ones.

In the frame of the activities of the Iranian-Italian Joint Archaeological Mission since 2008 he has co-directed the project “From Palace to Town”, aiming at a better knowledge of the inhabited town which according to the sources was near the Imperial Citadel of Persepolis; since 2011 the same project is working on a monumental gate of the Early Achaemenid period discovered at Tol-e Ajori, 3.5 km to the West of Persepolis.

He has published four monographs and several articles on the archaeology and art of Pre-Islamic Iran.



Specializing in the archaeology of Southern Iran in the pre-Islamic historical period, Alireza Askari Chaverdi, associate professor of Archaeology at the University of Shiraz (Iran), despite his young age is one of the most authoritative and dynamic figures in the panorama of Iranian archaeological research.

Open to international collaborations - since 2005 he has been co-director of the Iranian-Italian Joint Archaeological Mission of the Universities of Bologna and Shiraz and of ISMEO -, he was one of the first archaeologists to apply in Iran the most up-to-date excavation methods in a multidisciplinary approach, and he broadened his vision of the archaeology of the Achaemenian period (6th-4th centuries B.C.) and Sasanian (3rd-7th centuries A.D.) periods beyond the traditional interest limited to the centers of imperial power, turning his attention also to the architectural, artistic and craft expressions of ancient societies as a whole. During his stay in Ravenna as a guest of the Institute of Advanced Studies of the University of Bologna, Professor Askari Chaverdi will have several opportunities to illustrate his research and to present to the city some aspects of the ancient and extraordinary civilization of Iran: the man-environment interaction in the Fars region, cradle of the Persian civilization, in the long period between the end of the Achaemenian empire and the beginning of the Sasanian one; the socio-economic and cultural history of the coastal region of the Persian Gulf; the archaeological evidence related to the practices of the ancient Zoroastrian religion.